• The systematic for studying plant biodiversity. Origin and evolution of the systematic and taxonomic systems, general information on classification systems. Systematic levels. The hierarchical system. Nomenclature.
• Phylogeny of plants. The life in the water. The conquest of land.
• Bryophytes: general morphology, reproduction, ecology, cycle.
• Cormophytes: changes in the structure of vegetative and reproductive processes
• Pteridophytes: general morphology, reproduction, cycle, ecology and adaptation to the environment.
• Spermatophytes: evolution of vegetative and reproductive structures and the life cycle. The ovule. The seed. The pollen sacs.
• Gymnosperms: general characteristics, morphology, reproduction, cycle, systematic analysis of living groups: Cycadales, Gingkophyta, Coniferophyta, Gnetophyta
• Angiosperms: general characteristics. Evolution of vegetative structures; sexual reproduction: the flower and the fruit. Cycle. Overview of the main families.
• Main aspects of the Sardinian flora.
• Observation and description of fresh material from spermatophytes.
• Morphology of the vegetative apparatus (root, stem, leaves)
• The flower, the inflorescence and the fruit
• Introduction to the preparation of the herbarium
• Characteristics of the main families of spermatophytes
• Use of dichotomous keys
• Determination at the level of family, genus and species