Pharmacognosy, plant nomenclature and classification systems. Plants and their structures. Organized and unorganized drugs. Main features of plant protection products.
For each plant drug: knowledge of botanical sources, description of the most distinctive macroscopic and microscopic characters (morphological, chemical-physical, biological) of a drug, qualitative and quantitative knowledge of its chemical constituents, knowledge of the pharmacological activities of the same secondary metabolites and drug as a whole. Therapeutic use of drugs in Pharmacopoeia and supplements of particular pharmacological and toxicological interest. Drugs of vegetable origin containing carbohydrates. Vegetable drugs containing resins, oleo-gommo-resins and balsams. Notes on lipids. Drugs containing phenols and phenol glycosides. Drugs containing terpenoid compounds: Volatile oils .Droges containing irregular monoterpene. Drugs containing diterpenes. Drugs containing saponins and cardioactive glycosides. Drugs containing alkaloids. Drugs containing alkaloids derived from ornithine. Drugs containing alkaloids derived from lysine. Alkaloids of tobacco. Drugs containing alkaloids derived from phenylalanine and tyrosine. Main drugs containing alkaloids derived from tryptophan. Phytochemistry, Knowledge of the main secondary metabolites, Knowledge of the metabolic pathways of Mevalonic Acid, Shikimic Acid, and Acetate, Main biosynthesis of alkaloids and steroids