Lectures (30 hours) Elements of building science. Principles of static: loads, Hooke's law, constraints, static moment and moment of inertia, section modulus, bending moment, shear stress. Building techniques and materials. Livestock buildings design: methodology Distributive-functional and dimensional phase. Project completion phase. Farm center and individual specialized buildings organization Main operations and related services: (a) feeding, (b) manure collection and removal, and (c) eventual milking. Paths and interdependencies between animals, insiders, and equipment. Farming techniques and building types Tethering of animals, free stall, permanent bedding, single and multiple boxes and cubicle feeding. Building elements for animal shelter. The animals' resting, feeding, and exercise area. Service and special units. Building elements for management tasks. Feeding. Buildings and facilities for food storage to livestock use. Equipment to transport and distribute foods. Devices for feeding. The manger. The racks. Manure: cleaning, collection, and removal. Continuous and discontinuous floors. Tools to collect and remove the manure. Manure scrapers and collection manifold. Milking. The different types of milking parlors. Waiting area. Milk room. Rooms and services. Overview on landscape planning and municipality master plan. Evolution of environmental planning tools. Spatial planning in Sardinia: municipal master plan, farming areas, regional guidelines for agricultural areas, the building code, the building permit.
Laboratory (20 hours) Students will be engaged with building types graphic design. It will be covered dairy cattle and beef cattle fattening, dairy sheep and sheep fattening, and buildings to milking cattle and sheep. So, it will be carried out visits to farms.