Statistics of the vitiviniculture sector. Some information about EC regulations for PDO and PGI. Grape and its maturation, overripening. Acidity adjustments, increasing sugar concentrations and enzymatic transformations of the grape after its harvest. Red winemaking: mechanical harvest treatments, controlling alcoholic fermentation, maceration, running off and pressing. White winemaking: distinctive characteristics of the white winemaking, juice extraction and protection from oxidation, clarification and fermentation operations, differences among white dry wines, white aromatic variety wines and white wines in barrels. Other winemaking methods: carbonic maceration, Rosè wines.