Introduction to the Course: Ecology, physiology, ecosystems.
Ecosystems: concepts and glossary, properties, structural and functional features.
spatial and temporal scales, forms of energy, units;
energy budget, definitions, analysis, Bowen ratio, measurement methodologies and instrumentation;
radiation and its budget, greenhouse effect, net radiation, physics of the radiation, PAR;
heat flux in the soil;
latent and sensible heat;
carbon budget, soil respiration.
Tree systems, structure, functioning, ecosystem services.
Lab: basis exercises using Excel, data management, graphics and formulas. Energy and carbon budget analysis and calculations.