Operating principles of biosensors.
Geometry and design of biosensors.
Optical, thermal and acoustic biosensors.
DNA and RNA Biosensors.
Immunobiosensors (immunoglobulins, aptamers).
Principles of electrochemistry (voltammetry, amperometry and potenziomentry)
Electrochemical biosensors of first, second and third generation
Conductive and non-conductive polymeric films.
Permselectivity in biosensr design.
Enhancemente and stabilization of biosensors over time.
Fields of application biosensors (environmental monitoring, biomedical and agrifood).
Outlines of bioelectronics, telemetry and distributed sensor networks.
Application of neurosensors to neurochemical monitoring in real time (monitoring of: neurotransmitters, brain of oxygen, brain energy metabolism, cerebral blood flow, neuromodulators, drugs and toxic compounds).